lead, cause, enable, become, receive, visit, visit, lack, enter, cost, possess, resemble, last, like, enjoy, notice, watch, look at, listen to, pay attention to, suit, fit, contain, so as to do, be able to, be likely to do
change, close, determine, end, finish, head, interest, issue, open, train
sth. be aimed at doing; sb aim to do sth
sth be intended to do sth; sb intend to do sth
sth be targeted at sth; sb target sth
- acknowledge, avoid, admit, enjoy, escape, suggest, assure, advocate, forbid, permit, favor, recommend, resist, risk, involve, deny, include
- give up, credit to (把...计入...), aim to (目的在于), contribute to (导致), in contrast to (和...相反), be suppose to (??? be supposed to do), object to (反对), be opposed to (反对), amount to (等于), be exposed / committed / limited / devoted to, lead to, be educated to, be / become accustomed / used to
- aid sb in doing, prevent / keep / prohibit / save sb from doing, accuse sb. of doing
- be expert at, be good at, criticize... for, praise...for, be capable of, be busy, have difficulty (in), have trouble (in)
- propose doing
afford, agree, appear / seem, arrange, choose, claim, come (逐渐), elect, endeavor, expect, fail, promise, refuse, seek, select, threaten, venture, offer, prefer
动词 (advise, allow, cause, compel, enable, invite, inspire, convince, expect, lead, require, use, order) + 名词短语 + 不定式
- 动词 (see, watch, notice, spot, hear, observe, perceive, overhead, feel, smell, let, make) + N. / Prep. + do
- make do (with / without) 凑合着做... , make believe 假装 (pretend)
- help (to) do...
- 连词： and, or, but, yet
- 短语： rather than..., not only...but also..., from...to..., either... or..., neither...nor..., between...and..., both...and..., not...but rather..., not...but...,...as well as...
- as + adj. + a/an + n. + as... ： 例句. Exercising is as good a way as any to lose unwanted weight
- more because... than because 更多是因为...而不是因为...
- not... so much A as B 与其说A倒不如说B
- the more... the more... 倒装结构，be 动词常可省略
- no more... than; no more than 与...同样不..
- no less... than. no less than 与...一样
- verb. + more of / less of than 这里more和less做副词修饰 verb, 指程度更大或者更小
- 其他可以引出比较结构的词语：compared with, below, above, superior to
- range from... to...
- forbid sth; forbid sb to do sth; forbit sb doing sth (forbid 和 prevent 的用法不同 - prevent sb from doing sth...)
- be in control; under control
- contrast with / to, in contrast to
- be regarded as, regard...as 名词 / 形容词 / -ing 分词
- rivalry between A and B, A rival B for / in...
- be in danger of doing... 处于...危险中
- need做名词 the need to do sth, the need for sb to do, the need for sth
- view... as...
- the possibility of doing, the possibility that 从句 (用将来时)
- have an impact on..., impact on...
- pay money for sth / doing sth
- require sb to do sth