Ø in general
Ø on the whole
Ø in summary
Ø in conclusion
Ø to summarize
Ø to conclude
Ø to sum up
l From the above comparison and contrast, anyone can safely conclude that…
l When the advantages and disadvantages are carefully compared, the most striking conclusion is self-evident.
l Judging from all evidence offered, we may reasonably come to/draw the conclusion that…
l From what has been discussed above, we may safely arrive at the conclusion that…
l It is true that to do… brings about both positive and negative results.
l But we can try our best to reduce the negative influence to the least extent. Besides, compared with the positives effects, the disadvantages would not so much.
l What we must do is make sure that the positive ones are encouragedand the negative ones are eliminated as far as possible.
l All these opinions make sense, and consequently it is hard to choose the best of them. In my opinion, such matters must be left to individual’s conscience.
l Therefore, it is (strongly) suggested that … (从句)
l It is urgent (necessary) that appropriate (effective/proper) actions
l (measures/steps/method) should be taken to correct (improve) …
l Both government and ordinary citizens should join hands to make this
l world a better place to live in, not only for ourselves, but also for
l future generations.
题目：Many parents complain that computer games have no value to their children’ studies. On the contrary, those online games have produced a lot of negative on their mental and physical development. Do you agree or disagree with this view?
结尾段范文：In summary, from both physiological and psychological points of view, computer games are indeed valueless and may exert negative impact on the development of young children. Therefore, it highly recommended that parents and schools should be alert to this problem, and restrict children’s access to those computer games.
l Therefore(Thus), it is projected(predicted) that …(从句)
l With the advent/advantage of …, it is forecast that…(从句)
l My prediction about … is that …(从句)
l Personally speaking, I envision a future when …(从句)
题目 1：Some people think that visitors to other countries should respect the local customs and imitate the local behaviors. However, other people who disagree with them think that the host country should welcome different foreign cultures brought by these visitors. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion
主体段 2：反对意见的另一方观点，他们认为东道应该对异族文化采取欢迎态度 结尾段范文 1：In conclusion, both sides of the argument contain the partial truth. If visitors and locals respect and learn from each other, it is projected that different customs, values and culture can enjoy a peaceful and harmonious coexistence.
题目 2：Environmental problems are too big for individual countries and individual people to address. In other words, we have reached the stage where the only way to protect the environment is at the international level. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
范文 2：Given the above argument, it is reasonable to conclude that if every member of the society is aware of the relationship between humans and the nature and stops their destructive behavior; my prediction about the environment in the near future is that many ecological strains will be relieved to create long-term benefits for all countries on Earth.
题目 3：The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in population. This is causing problems not only for poor, underdeveloped countries, but also for industrialized and developing nations. Describe some of the problems that overpopulation causes, and suggest at least one possible solution.
结构： (分析解决) 结尾段
范文 3：To sum up, overpopulation exerts many negative influences on underdeveloped and industrialized nations. Personally speaking, if the current trend of population explosion is allowed to continue, I envision a future when many more people will die of starvation in poor countries and life in even affluent societies will become unbearably difficult.
l In fact, …
l In essence, …
l As a matter of fact, …
l The crux of the matters seems to be … crux 症结、关键
l At the core of the issue is/are … core 核心、本质
l Still, the bottom line is that … bottom line 底线、归根结底
题目：in modern education, computers are being widely used in almost every subject in schools and universities, so some people think that teachers are not playing an important role in the classroom. Do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
结尾段范文 ： To sum up, education, or the art of teaching, is not a mechanical matter that can be parceled out to students by computer programs. The crux of the matters seems to be that teachers, as they have always been, will still be the backbone of our school education, while computer is simply a useful tool to improve students’ understanding of the subject matter.
l To be sure, … will bring about profound changes in…
l Indeed, …. are something we can not afford to ignore
l However, one thing is certain: (从句)
题目 1：There are social, medical and technical problems associated with the use of mobile phones. What forms do they take? Do you agree that the problems outweigh the benefits of mobile phones?
结尾段范文 1：In conclusion, I tend to believe that the downside of using mobiles phones far exceeds its merits. Indeed, it various drawbacks are something we cannot afford to ignore because they have produced many adverse effects on people’s daily lives.
题目 2：International tourism is now the biggest industry in the world. Unfortunately, it bringstension rather that understanding between the people from different cultures. Do what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
结尾段范文 2：In conclusion, the cultural gap that exists between international tourists and their foreign destinations creates more tension that understanding during their travels. However, one thing is certain: international tourism will continue to enjoy a boom time and send a growing number of travelers to many exotic places around the world.
1. 画蛇添足：文章写完了,发现字数不够,就随便加上几句.而这几句恰好游离于文章的中心思想之外,或与其观点恰好相反. 如： 一篇关于阐述考作弊危害性的文章. But sometimes it is understandable that students cheat on exams under heavy academic pressures.
• Do it now! Do it from ourselves! Let’s make our city greener!
• No electricity, no power, no world, no future, no human beings!
3. 表决心： I’m determined to overcome any difficulties and study English better in the future.
• So I think that making our city greener is very important.
• Therefore, no electricity should be wasted.